The Cold War
The Cold War was the duel for global power from the mid-1940s to the late 1980s between Western democracies and Communism – between liberal capitalism and state socialism – between the Free World and the Eastern Bloc – between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The term “cold war” was first used by George Orwell in a 1945 article. British scholar Lawrence D. Freedman defines “cold war” as “a state of affairs in which relations between two antagonists are governed by the possibility of a hot war that both wish to avoid.” During most of the Cold War, “hot war” meant nuclear weapons. Historian John Lukacs defines the Cold War as “….the actuality of a political and….the potentiality of a military confrontation of these two giant states (the U.S. and the Soviet Union)….” BBC journalist Matthew Price notes, “The actual wars of the Cold War were fought in Asia, Africa, and elsewhere, as the United States and the USSR shot at each other by proxy.”